Reminder: CfP: Discrimination and Racism in Cross-National Perspective

The deadline is approaching soon: 27 November, 2020

For a long time, racism has been studied without references to discrimination and was mainly conceived as a specific expression of prejudice. The retreat from blatant form of racism that were not tolerate any more to more subtle and systemic forms of racism has paved the way for studies on ethnic and racial discrimination and inequalities.

Research on discrimination against immigrants and their descendants has grown significantly in the last twenty years, paralleling the settlement of immigrant populations and the coming of age of the second generations. Studies document differential treatment and discrimination in different markets (e.g. labour market, housing) and social spheres regulated by principles of equality (e.g. school, health service, police). Patterns of discrimination are embedded in institutional contexts and a larger societal environment, characterized not only by economic uncertainties and increasing political polarization in public debate around immigrant related issues, but also by increasing diversity and opportunities of contact. Such changes in the context are likely to affect attitudes and ideology diffusion in majority and minority members. However, studies about discrimination frequently do not refer specifically to racism, and the methodological gains in measuring discrimination did not transfer directly to the measurement of racism. How far racism and ethnic and racial discrimination are distinct, and how they relate to each other are key issues we would like to explore in this panel. In addition to these general questions, we are also interested in papers addressing the consequences of the Covid-19 on ethnic and racial inequalities in health would be very welcomed.

The panel will bring together researchers on discrimination, racism, and inequalities, tackling these issues from various disciplines, theoretical backgrounds and methods. We welcome empirical studies of discrimination patterns across a large variety of domains, theoretical perspectives on how the prevalence of ethnic discrimination and racism should be explained and conceptualized, and studies on the consequences of anti-discrimination policies and legislation, including considerations inequalities in health and racial inequalities and how these can be overcome. We also welcome papers which use and discuss theories about cross-country differences, ethnic hierarchies, and evolution over time.

Submit your abstract specifying the research question, data, methods and findings (200 words maximum) no later than 27 November 2020. For further information get in touch with Didier Ruedin (didier.ruedin@unine.ch). The notification of acceptance will be made by 30 November 2020.

Organizer: Patrick Simon (INED), Didier Ruedin (University of Neuchâtel)

https://www.imiscoe.org/news-and-blog/news/news-from-members/1157-cfp-discrimination-and-racism-in-cross-national-perspective

Inequality = Politicization of Immigration?

An article by Frederick Solt (2011) shows an association between nationalism and economic inequality: more inequality prompts more nationalism (as diversion). It is conceivable that this idea can be expanded and applied to the politicization of immigration. Yes, it’s a wide shot.

I use the data from the SOM project to capture the politicization of immigration. Political claims in newspapers are used as the basis, and I consider two aspects: (more claims about immigration) and polarization (positions of claims differ more), along with a compound measure. To capture economic inequality, I use the Gini coefficient provided by the World Bank (I simply assumed that standardization would not be an issue with Western European countries).

The figures (simple scatter plots is all I did) suggests there is no direct association between economic inequality and the politicization of immigration in the Western European countries examined, except perhaps in the United Kingdom.

Solt, F. 2011. Diversionary Nationalism: Economic Inequality and the Formation of National Pride. The Journal of Politics 73 (3): 821–830. doi:10.1017/S002238161100048X.